Designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, this museum of modern and contemporary art, located in Bilbao, Spain, is considered one of the most admired works of contemporary architecture. The building has been hailed as a “signal moment in the architectural culture”, because it represents “one of those rare moments when critics, academics, and the general public were all completely united about something.”
2Oslo Opera House
The Osla Opera House by Snøhetta, constructed from 2003 to 2007, is situated in the Bjørvika neighborhood of central Oslo, at the head of the Oslofjord. Home of The Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the national opera theater in Norway, the structure contains 1,100 rooms in a total area of 38,500 m2(414,000 sq ft). The main auditorium seats 1,364 and two other performance spaces can seat 200 and 400. The main stage is 16 m (52 ft) wide and 40 m (130 ft) deep.
The exterior surfaces of the building are covered with marble from Carrara, Italy and white granite and make it appear to rise from the water. It is the largest cultural building constructed in Norway.
3Harpa Concert Hall
Harpa is a concert hall and conference centre in Reykjavík, Iceland, designed by the Danish firm Henning Larsen Architects in co-operation with Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Eliasson.
The structure consists of a steel framework clad with geometric shaped glass panels of different colors. In 2013, the building won the European Union’s Mies van der Rohe award for contemporary architecture.
Designed by Danish architects Schmidt Hammer Lassen, the Black Diamond is a modern waterfront extension to the Royal Danish Library’s old building on Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. The building was completed in 1999 as the first in a series of large-scale cultural buildings along Copenhagen’s waterfront.
The building is clad in black granite of a type known as Absolute Black, which was mined in Zimbabwe and then cut and polished in Italy. The black cladding amounts to 2,500 square meters and each stone weighs 75 kg.
The Kunsthaus Graz, by architects Peter Cook and Colin Fournier, was built as part of the European Capital of Culture celebrations in 2003 and has since become an architectural landmark in Graz, Austria. Its exhibition program specializes in contemporary art of the last four decades.
Allianz Arena, designed by Herzog & de Meuron, is the first stadium in the world with a full color changing exterior, widely known for being made of inflated ETFE plastic panels. Located in Munich, Bavaria, Germany, it contains a 75,000 seating capacity.
7City of Arts and Sciences
Consideres one of the 12 Treasures of Spain, this building is an entertainment-based cultural and architectural complex in the city of Valencia. Designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela, it is the most important modern tourist destination of the city. The City of Arts and Sciences is situated at the end of the former riverbed of the river Turia, which was drained and rerouted after a catastrophic flood in 1957.
Designed in 1992 and completed in 1996 by the Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić in cooperation with architect Frank Gehry. The style is known as deconstructivist architecture due to its unusual shape.
The “dancing” shape is supported by 99 concrete panels, each a different shape and dimension. On the top of the building, located in in Prague, Czech Republic, is a large twisted structure of metal nicknamed Mary’.
The Markthal designed by architectural firm MVRDV, is a residential building with a market hall underneath, located in Rotterdam. The grey nature stone building has an archwise structure like a horseshoe. Besides the large market hall, the complex houses 228 apartments, 4600 m2 retail space, 1600 m2 horeca and an underground 4-storey parking garage with a capacity of 1200+ cars.
10Vitra Design Museum
The Vitra Design Museum, designed by architect Frank Gehry, is a privately owned museum for furniture and interior design in Weil am Rhein, Germany. It had one of the world’s largest collections of modern furniture design, including pieces representative of all major periods and styles from the beginning of the nineteenth century onwards.